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- Who are Millennials, Baby Boomers and Generation Z? Generation groups explained
- Why Baby Boomers should still consider life insurance
- IN THE MATERIAL WORLD PDF Original - Free E-Book Download
The median ratio of wealth to income for younger boomers has risen about two-thirds relative to that of their parents, but for older boomers the ratio has remained relatively constant.
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And while their parents' savings benefitted from windfall gains later in life, it has been suggested that the boomer ratio of wealth to income will fall as retirees age, because of lack of protection against inflation in private pension plans. In addition, some feel that many baby boomers' plans are subject to high levels of risk, and that many baby boomers are underestimating their longevity in saving for their retirement House Ways and Means Committee. It has been projected, based on the current system, that Social Security will provide 60 to 70 percent of retirement income for boomers in the bottom half of the income distribution in For most baby boomers, retirement incomes will be well above those of today's retirees 50 to 60 percent higher , and will be more than adequate, but the projections indicate that the proportion of elderly baby boomers who will be poor or near-poor may reach almost 20 percent, with the majority of these being singles, and especially single women House Ways and Means Committee.
However, some have questioned the reliability of the more optimistic forecasts, due to what they see as significant effects of the baby boom on the economy itself — in areas such as the housing market and stock market, interest rates, savings, and inflation rates Fair and Dominguez. Based on these historic effects some suggest a potential "asset meltdown" when retiring baby boomers cash in their holdings, a view that remains highly controversial.
Andrews, E. Edited by Susan M. Lexington, Mass. Angrist, J. Bean, F. Butz, W. Coleman, D.
Zip files of total and age-specific fertility rates. Available as part of the Oxford Population Project at Congressional Budget Office. Easterlin, R. Birth and Fortune. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, Employment Benefit Research Institute. Washington D. Fair, R.
Age Distribution on Macroeconomic Equations. House Ways and Means Committee. Jones, L.
New York : Ballantine Books, Kingson, E. Lee, R.
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- The Entitled Generation;
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Levy, F. New York : Russell Sage Foundation, The Economic Future of American Families. Washington, D. Macunovich, D. Edited by Neil J. Smelser and Paul B. Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Forthcoming, a. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Forthcoming, b. Pampel, F. Schieber, S.
Census Bureau. Available on the Internet at www. Welch, F.
Who are Millennials, Baby Boomers and Generation Z? Generation groups explained
Westoff, C. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. July 4, Retrieved July 04, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Born between and , the baby boomers represent the largest generational birth cohort in U. Following World War II , a fertility surge coincided with rapid economic expansion. Government, industry, and society all fueled the boom.
Governmental policies encouraged particular models of suburban family life, from expanded veterans' benefits and easy housing loans to the replacement of many women in wartime jobs with men in peacetime employment. From to , the suburban population doubled, from 36 to 72 million, becoming the largest single sector of the nation's population.
Why Baby Boomers should still consider life insurance
Though suburbanization was a predominantly white, middle-class phenomenon, the boom crossed nearly all categories of race, class, ethnicity, and religion. Liberalized immigration policies also contributed to increases in the birthrate, especially for Mexican and Chinese people in the United States , throughout the late s and s. As Cold War anticommunism and pro-corporatism merged with the suburban ideal, the nuclear family became charged with symbolic and practical meanings for the health of the individual, community, and nation.
Those who did not fit into the ideal suburban, middle-class, married, white family structure faced stigmatization. Black female household heads were frequently held accountable for their own poverty, and their children were marginalized.
Such attitudes made it possible to formally and informally deny young, poor women of color access to a variety of health and social services throughout the s and s. Community displacement due to wartime and postwar mobility and suburbanization decreased the role of extended family networks in providing parenting advice and support. In an age of technological innovation, parents turned to experts such as Dr. Benjamin Spock, who encouraged positive reinforcement and full-time parental devotion to affectionate child-raising.
Throughout the s and s, critics grew concerned with the potential lack of limits that could result from what scholar Richard Hofstadter called "the overvalued child. Boomer childhoods were filled with vast institutional, social, and media attention. During the s and early s, elementary schools could not be built fast enough to keep up with demand, and membership in Little League and the Boy and Girl Scouts exploded.
Churches enjoyed a rise in membership from The media quickly recognized the potential to reach the boomer child market via the new phenomenon of television.
IN THE MATERIAL WORLD PDF Original - Free E-Book Download
The growth of children's programming, such as The Mickey Mouse Club, which began in , allowed direct toy advertising to children, cutting parents and educators out of the loop. Toys also shifted from parent-directed play to advertiser-led consumption. Barbie, for example, introduced in , just as older boomers headed into adolescence, modeled a teenage lifestyle of carefree consumerism rather than an idealization of motherhood or family.
In their teens, boomers continued to transform institutions and culture. High school enrollment rose due to boththe sheer quantity of teenagers and an increasing pressure to keep all teenagers in school through graduation. Perhaps most significantly, boomers experienced the rewards and strains of school integration, which gradually followed Brown v. Board of Education in Questions of racial integration and equality were concerns for most young people. Little practical change occurred until the decade after the Civil Rights Act , when 75 percent of African-American students still attended segregated schools.
For later boomers, experiences of mandatory integration through the busing of students to various districts were common. By , only 17 percent of black students still attended formally segregated schools. Youth dating culture changed significantly throughout the s and s.